Stress Binge

6 Types of Therapy to Know—and How to Tell Which Is Right for You


Among other issues, IT can help with: depression, interpersonal crises or transitions like divorce, the death of a loved one, or a job loss, and as an add-on to treatment for bipolar disorder, eating disorders, PTSD, and anxiety disorders

What to expect: Sessions lasting around an hour, once a week for about 12 to 16 weeks. With your therapist, you’ll create an inventory of your relationships then examine recent interactions and develop a game plan for improving your connections and mood.

One way to get started: Use Psychology Today’s search tool to find an interpersonal therapy provider in your area.

5. Family and Couples Therapy

With so many “new normals” to navigate, there are a gazillion reasons your household could feel like it’s in a pressure cooker—and sometimes individual therapy isn’t enough. Maybe you and your partner just can’t get over the same old argument, your child’s struggling in school, or money worries have everyone stressed out. Bullying and tech overuse are common reasons for families to reach out for help, while love, sex, and money tend to be top issues for couples, says Gilza Fort Martínez, L.M.F.T., a Miami-based licensed marriage and family therapist who specializes in conflict resolution and life transitions.

If you feel like you just don’t have time to sit down with a therapist and the person or people you’re struggling with, hear this: Meeting with your loved ones in a neutral space under the guidance of a therapist can help you better understand your roles and relationships. It can allow you to build effective communication skills like how to give feedback, fight fair, and reach resolutions. At the end of the process, you can regain confidence in your ability to recover from crises together.

Even better? “[Family and marriage therapy] is also used as a preventative measure to address conflict before it explodes,” says Fort Martínez. In this sense, if you think it might be time to go in (or you just don’t want to repeat your parents’ marital or parenting problems), it’s totally okay to look into finding help before you’ve reached a crisis point.

Family and couples therapy could help with: interpersonal conflicts, grief, children’s behavioral problems, partnership challenges like recovering from a betrayal or sexual dysfunction, caregiving difficulties, substance use issues, and managing diagnoses such as autism, depression, anxiety, mood disorders, schizophrenia, and chronic physical health conditions

What to expect: Fifty-minute to one-hour sessions once a week for at least 12 weeks. Typically, your first session will be with everyone involved to gather general information, explore each person’s definition of the situation, and go over the rules of engagement for respectful conversations, says Fort Martínez. Throughout the process, you may also meet with your therapist one-on-one instead of as a group, or do a combination of both.

One way to get started: Ask your primary care provider, school counselor or administration, or a trusted friend or family member for a referral to a licensed family and marriage therapist. You can also search for one in your area using the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy therapist locator. (Here are more tips for finding a great therapist, finding a culturally competent therapist specifically, and making sure they’re a fit for you.)

6. Group therapy

Finding your people can be transformative, and that’s why group therapy with a handful of others and a therapist can help with so many different situations.

“In group therapy, I think you really do get the sense that you’re not alone,” Cheri Marmaroush, Ph.D., a leading expert in group therapy and associate professor of professional psychology at George Washington University in D.C., tells SELF. Hearing someone else talk about their struggles can help combat shame and stigma and lead to your own revelations. Sharing your own hard-earned insights with others can also give your challenges new meaning.


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